|1987||Cabazon Court Case - the legal foundation upon which Indian gaming law is built.|
|1988||Indian Gaming Regulatory Act ("IGRA") - Congress responded to Cabazon by enacting IGRA, which establishes the federal legislative framework for Indian Gaming.|
Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe v. Arizona - a federal district judge in Arizona ruled that the state must negotiate with the tribe and attempt to conclude a compact.
The Legislature establishes the State Gaming Agency within the Department of Racing.
Yavapai-Prescott Case - the federal mediator chose the tribe's last, best offered compact over the state's recommended compact. Negotiations followed resulting in the "standard form"
|1994||Sixteen tribes had signed compacts and ten casinos were in operation by December 31, 1994.|
The Legislature creates the Department of Gaming.
The Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community files a lawsuit in federal court seeking to force tribal-state compact negotiations.
Seminole Court Case - the U.S. Supreme Court declared provisions in IGRA allowing states to be sued without their consent were unconstitutional.
A federal court judge dismisses the Salt River Court Case based on the Seminole decision. The tribe appealed.
Rumsey Court Case - the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals held that Class III gaming was to be examined game by game and allowed on Indian land only if permitted by a specific state law.
Based on the Rumsey decision, Governor Symington refuses to negotiate a standard form compact with the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community. The tribe's initiative measure
requiring the governor to sign a standard form compact with any tribe seeking a compact with the State is placed on the general election ballot. Voters approve the measure, but the law
is challenged in Superior Court. Ultimately, the Arizona Supreme Court upholds the initiative measure.
Sears Case - the Superior Court rules that the Governor of Arizona lacks the authority to negotiate a compact with Salt River permitting slot machines and/or keno. The decision is
appealed to the Arizona Supreme Court.
The Arizona Supreme Court overturns the decision in the Sears Case on the basis that the Sears did not have standing to bring suit. Governor Hull begins compact negotiations with the Salt
River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community and signs a compact on August 16, 1998.
The Governor begins negotiating the renewal of the tribal-state compacts. Expiration of the current compacts begin in June, 2003, if not renewed.
American Greyhound Case - Arizona horse and dog tracks sue the Governor Hull in federal court seeking either an injunction prohibiting the Governor from signing new compacts or a ruling
permitting the tracks to have slot machines.
The court granted the request for an injunction in the American Greyhound Case and issued a ruling that among other things, the state legislature had unconstitutionally delegated its
compacting authority to the Governor, and the tribes were not an indispensable party. However, the ruling provided that the Governor did have the authority to continue to negotiate
compacts with the tribes, but may not enter into new compacts without proper legislative approval. The state appealed.
January/February. Governor Hull and 17 tribes successfully conclude negotiations on an agreement for new tribal-state compacts.
April/May. The Governor and tribes take their agreement, as a resolution, to the legislature for approval. The legislature fails to pass the resolution.
June/July. The 17 tribes gather enough signatures to put the tribal-state agreement on the 2002 General Election ballot as Proposition 202. Two additional gaming initiatives also
appeared on the ballot, Proposition 200 sponsored by the Colorado River Indian Tribes (CRIT) and Proposition 201 sponsored by the race track industry.
In September, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals overturns the decision in the American Greyhound Case. The court ruled that the tribes were a necessary and indispensable party, and that
the district court abused its discretion in ruling to the contrary. They vacated the lower court decision and remanded it with instructions to dismiss the case. Power to sign compacts
is returned to the Governor.
In November, Proposition 202 passes. Proposition 200 and 201, the other two gaming initiatives fail.
From December 2002 to January 2003, Governor Hull signed new Tribal-State Gaming Compacts with 16 Tribes.
|2003||In 2003, Governor Janet Napolitano signed Compacts with an additional five tribes.|
Appendix F(1) Blackjack - Revised
The revisions to Appendix F(1) allow for the play of blackjack variation games at Tribal casinos, while keeping blackjack as the central component of any variation game and maintaining the wagering limitations established by the Compact.
Appendix G Lotteries and Promotions
New Appendix G establishes operational standards and regulations for the play of Class III lotteries authorized by the Compact. This Appendix also provides clear definitions for differentiating lotteries from promotions.
Appendix C Security & Surveillance - Revised
Changes to the existing Appendix C require the Tribes to develop and have in place comprehensive Surveillance and Security plans which meet the obligations of the Tribe under the provisions of the Compact and its appendices. The revisions also eliminate duplication of operational standards between Appendix C and Appendix H.
Appendix H Minimum Internal Control Standards - Revised
Modifications to the existing Appendix H eliminate duplication and inconsistencies between Appendix C and Appendix H, consolidate Minimum Internal Control Standards for Surveillance within Appendix H, update the Appendix H standards for new digital technology, and provide for increased surveillance coverage within the gaming areas.
Appendix F(2) Jackpot Poker - Revised
Changes to existing Appendix F(2) allow play of promotional award poker and house-banked poker games at Tribal casinos, while keeping poker as the central component of any variation game and maintaining the wagering limitations established by the Compact. The revisions also establish regulations for house-banked poker games comparable to regulations for blackjack.
Gaming Compact Amendments (effective 3-25-09)
Revisions to Appendices F(1) and F(2) and the issuance of new Appendix J occurred concurrently with the 2009 Tribal-State Gaming Compact Amendments
Appendix F(1) Blackjack - Revised
Clarify that the wager limitation in any blackjack game would be applied to each single wager, based on the approved rules of the game, rather than the total combined amount wagered by a player during a hand.
Appendix F(2) Jackpot Poker – Revised
Clarify that the wager limitation in any house-banked poker game would be applied to each single wager, based on the approved rules of the game, rather than the total combined amount wagered by a player during a hand.
Appendix J Vendor Certification
Clarifies the waiver of licensing and certification for certain persons providing Gaming Services and certain financial sources.
Poker Memorandum of Understanding - Revised
Update changes in the Gaming Compact Amendments relating to the play of Poker and wager limitation increases.
Information Sharing MOU between the Tribe and ADG
Meets the requirements of Compact Section 6(g) to enter into a memorandum of understanding for the sharing of investigatory files and to establish efficient procedures for the distribution of such information.
Inter-Agency Agreement between the Tribal Police Department and ADG
Provides for a process in which the Tribal Police Department and ADG may share certain investigative information on individuals and entities involved in Indian gaming or other gaming operations.
Urban Tribes State Electronic Access System MOU
Sets forth the means and manner in which the ADG will have real-time, read-only electronic access to the Gaming Facility’s slot monitoring and control system (MCS) through the State Electronic Access System (SEAS).
Gaming Compact Renewal (2012-2013)
As set forth by Proposition 202, the Tribal-State Gaming Compacts shall automatically renew for a term of ten (10) years, except in the case of substantial non-compliance.
Two new Casinos Open in Arizona
In May, the Navajo Nation opened its first Arizona Casino, Twin Arrows, in Flagstaff.
Gila River held the grand opening of its new Vee Quiva casino in Laveen in July.